Technological Innovation

Is ISO considered GMP?

When it comes to manufacturing and production, there are several regulatory standards that companies must adhere to. Two of the most well-known and widely implemented standards are ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice). Both ISO and GMP aim to ensure the quality, safety, and reliability of products, but they have different focuses and objectives. In this article, we will explore whether ISO can be considered a part of GMP or if they are separate entities.

ISO: Setting International Standards

ISO is an independent organization that develops and publishes international standards in various industries. These standards are based on extensive research, consensus, and expertise from global experts. ISO standards cover a wide range of areas, including quality management, environmental management, information security management, and more. The aim of ISO is to provide guidelines and specifications that organizations can follow to improve their processes and deliver high-quality products and services.

GMP: Ensuring Pharmaceutical Quality

GMP, on the other hand, specifically focuses on the pharmaceutical and healthcare industry. GMP regulations outline the minimum requirements that a pharmaceutical manufacturer must meet to ensure the safety, efficacy, and quality of drugs and medical devices. GMP covers all aspects of the manufacturing process, from sourcing raw materials to packaging and labeling. It includes guidelines on personnel qualifications, equipment maintenance, record-keeping, and quality control testing. GMP certification is crucial for pharmaceutical companies to demonstrate compliance with the highest quality standards in the industry.

ISO vs. GMP: Complementary but Separate

While ISO and GMP share some similarities in their purpose of ensuring product quality, they are not interchangeable or mutually inclusive. ISO standards are applicable to various industries, including pharmaceuticals, but they do not provide the specific requirements and regulations that GMP entails. ISO standards can be seen as a foundation for organizations to build upon, while GMP specifically targets the pharmaceutical sector with its stringent guidelines.

It is important to note that many pharmaceutical companies choose to implement both ISO and GMP standards simultaneously. By doing so, they can achieve a comprehensive quality management system that covers both general industrial practices (ISO) and specific pharmaceutical requirements (GMP). This dual approach allows companies to gain a competitive edge by demonstrating their commitment to quality, compliance, and continuous improvement.


In conclusion, while ISO and GMP both aim to ensure product quality, they are separate entities with different scopes and focuses. ISO provides general guidelines applicable to various industries, while GMP specifically addresses the pharmaceutical sector's requirements. However, many pharmaceutical companies implement both ISO and GMP to create a robust quality management system. By adhering to both ISO and GMP standards, pharmaceutical manufacturers can position themselves as industry leaders committed to delivering safe, effective, and high-quality products.



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