Technological Innovation

What is ISO 10360-1:2016?

ISO 10360-1:2016 is an international standard that provides guidelines for the performance evaluation and verification of coordinate measuring machines (CMMs). CMMs are sophisticated devices used in manufacturing industries to measure the geometrical characteristics of physical objects with high precision. They play a crucial role in ensuring the quality and reliability of products.

The Importance of ISO 10360-1:2016

ISO 10360-1:2016 sets forth important parameters and procedures for assessing and validating the performance of CMMs. It specifies various error sources that can potentially affect measurement results, such as probing errors, thermal distortion, and mechanical errors. By adhering to the guidelines outlined in this standard, manufacturers can establish confidence in the accuracy and repeatability of their CMMs' measurements.

Evaluating CMM Performance

The evaluation of CMM performance, as outlined by ISO 10360-1:2016, involves both indirect and direct methods. Indirect methods include evaluating basic machine performance characteristics, such as volumetric performance and motion performance. Direct methods, on the other hand, assess the CMM's capability to measure reference standards and calibrated artifacts accurately.

One important aspect of evaluating CMM performance is determining the uncertainty associated with each measurement. ISO 10360-1:2016 recommends statistical analysis techniques to determine uncertainties and establish traceability to national or international reference standards. This ensures the comparability of measurement results between different CMMs and facilitates global acceptance of measurement data.

Verification and Validation Processes

ISO 10360-1:2016 outlines two vital processes: verification and validation. Verification is the process of ascertaining that the CMM complies with specified requirements, including system design specifications and performance criteria. It involves testing and assessing the machine's performance against well-defined measurement tasks to ensure it meets the required standards.

Validation, on the other hand, is the process of determining the suitability of a CMM for specific applications. It involves conducting a series of rigorous tests to evaluate the CMM's performance within the intended working environment. By following the verification and validation processes outlined in ISO 10360-1:2016, manufacturers can ensure that their CMMs are fit-for-purpose and deliver reliable measurements.


ISO 10360-1:2016 plays a crucial role in ensuring conformity and reliability in coordinate measuring machines. Manufacturers adhering to this international standard can establish confidence in their CMMs' performance by evaluating their accuracy, repeatability, and uncertainty. Furthermore, the verification and validation processes outlined in the standard facilitate the deployment of CMMs for a wide range of industrial applications.



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