Technological Innovation

What is a Type 2 port?

A Type 2 port, also known as a Level 2 port, is a charging connector commonly used for electric vehicles (EVs). It is one of the most efficient and versatile charging options available, providing faster charging speeds compared to standard household outlets. In this article, we will explore the technical details of a Type 2 port and its significance in the world of electric transportation.

The Technicalities of a Type 2 Port

A Type 2 port follows the IEC 62196-2 international standard, which specifies the design and electrical characteristics of the connector. It consists of seven pins arranged in a circular pattern, with varying purposes and functions.

1. Pilot: This pin provides communication between the charging station and the vehicle, ensuring a safe and controlled charging process. It transmits information such as charging capabilities and status updates.

2. Proximity: Used to detect the presence of a plugged-in connector, this pin plays a crucial role in the safety features of the Type 2 port. It prevents accidental contact when the connector is not fully inserted.

3. Control: The control pin enables the charging station to start and stop the charging process. It communicates the charging power level and any additional instructions from the station.

4. Earth: As the name suggests, this pin connects the vehicle's chassis to the ground, ensuring electrical safety during the charging process.

5. Neutral: This pin completes the circuit, allowing the electricity to flow between the charging station and the vehicle's battery.

6. Phase: The phase pin carries the alternating current (AC) from the charging station, enabling the transfer of electrical energy to the vehicle's battery pack.

7. Proximity Ground: Similar to the proximity pin, this ground pin ensures proper grounding of the Type 2 port.

The Significance of Type 2 Port

Type 2 ports have gained popularity due to their compatibility with various charging speeds and power levels. They support both alternate current (AC) and direct current (DC) charging, making them suitable for a wide range of EVs.

With its seven-pin design, a Type 2 port can handle charging currents ranging from 32 amps to 63 amps, depending on the infrastructure available. This allows for significantly faster charging times compared to standard outlets, reducing the overall charging duration for EV users.

In addition, many public charging stations and home charging units are equipped with Type 2 ports, ensuring widespread availability and convenience for EV owners. The standardization of Type 2 ports across different countries and manufacturers also promotes interoperability and ease of use.

Overall, the Type 2 port has become an essential component in the expansion of electric transportation infrastructure, facilitating efficient and reliable charging for EVs worldwide.


As electric vehicles continue to gain popularity, the importance of efficient charging options cannot be underestimated. The Type 2 port offers the necessary technical specifications and safety features to support fast and secure charging. Its widespread adoption and compatibility make it a key player in the transition to electric transportation. With ongoing advancements in charging technology, we can expect further improvements and innovations in Type 2 ports, contributing to the growth of the EV market.



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