Technological Innovation

What is BS EN 62196-1?

BS EN 62196-1, also known as IEC 62196-1, is an international standard for electric vehicle (EV) charging connectors and cable assemblies. It specifies the requirements for plugs, socket-outlets, vehicle connectors, and cables used in charging EVs. This standard ensures compatibility, safety, and reliability in EV charging infrastructure.

The Components of BS EN 62196-1

The standard covers five main components: plugs, socket-outlets, vehicle connectors, vehicle inlets, and charging cables. These components are designed to allow easy connection and disconnection between the EV and the charging station, ensuring efficient and secure charging.

Plug and Socket-Outlet Types

BS EN 62196-1 defines several plug and socket-outlet types, including type 1, type 2, type 3, and the Tesla connector. Each type has its own specifications and is suitable for different regions or applications. For example, type 1 is commonly used in North America and Japan, while type 2 is widely adopted in Europe.

Safety and Compatibility

One of the primary concerns addressed by BS EN 62196-1 is safety. The standard specifies requirements for mechanical strength, electrical safety, and protection against environmental factors like moisture and dust. Additionally, it ensures compatibility between different EVs and charging stations, allowing interoperability and ease of use for EV owners.

In order to comply with BS EN 62196-1, manufacturers must subject their products to rigorous testing and certification processes. This ensures that the connectors and cables meet the necessary quality standards and can safely and efficiently charge EVs.


BS EN 62196-1 is an important international standard that plays a crucial role in the development of EV charging infrastructure. By defining the requirements for electric vehicle connectors and cables, it ensures compatibility, safety, and reliability in charging operations. With the increasing adoption of electric vehicles worldwide, adherence to this standard is essential for a seamless and secure charging experience.



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